In the last decades we have witnessed activities that threaten the survival of Wildlife species practiced by human. Poaching has been the major killer of wildlife species mostly done by adjacent communities who are driven by poverty and food insecurity.
The farmland expansion
This has been a major threat as it contributes to habitat destruction and human wildlife conflicts. There have been many cases of wild animals such as elephants to invade farms and destroy crops. These adjacent areas previously were used to be corridors and migratory routes for animals however nowadays they are areas of cultivated crops. When animals eat crops and destroy farms, villagers do revenge by killing animals.
Tractor being used in farmland expansion adjacent Mikumi National Park (Photo; ECOWICE 2018)
Tree cutting is also one of the major threat to biodiversity as it contribute to deforestation and habitat degradation. Adjacent communities cut trees for charcoal, fuel wood and timber as their essential source of energy and income.
The forest cleared with bags of charcoal ready for selling Photo taken at Kwamsisi ,near Saadani National Park(Photo; ECOWICE 2019)
This is another threat to most protected areas in Tanzania, adjacent communities keeping large herd of cattle tend to graze inside or within
protected areas as there are enough grasses to feed their cattle. For stance this has mostly been affecting Saadani National park as it is invaded by pastoralist community of Mang’ati
The Mang’ati with livestock grazing adjacent Saadani National national Park (Photo; ECOWICE 2019)
ECOWICE has developed various strategies to reduce these impacts mostly through;
i. Promoting alternative means of livelihood such as beekeeping and mushroom farming
ii. Awareness raising on biodiversity conservation